What is a Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC)?
The Paris Agreement on Climate Change requests each country to outline and communicate their post-2020 climate actions, known as their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). Together, these climate actions determine whether the world achieves the long-term goals of the Paris Agreement and to reach global peaking of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as soon as possible and to undertake rapid reductions thereafter in accordance with best available science, so as to achieve a balance between anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of GHGs in the second half of this century. NDCs embody efforts by each country to reduce national emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change.
What is the NDC Partnership?
The NDC Partnership is a coalition of countries and institutions working to mobilize support and achieve ambitious climate goals while enhancing sustainable development. The NDC Partnership has over 100 members, including developed and developing countries in all regions of the world, as well as major international institutions and non-state actors.
In 2015, the world endorsed the Paris Agreement and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. These historic accords presented countries with an opportunity to align the climate and sustainable development agendas to spur economic growth and improve the livelihoods of all people. Nations signal their commitments to the Paris Agreement through Nationally Determined Contributions (or NDCs) - each country's strategy to cut its own greenhouse gas emissions and build resiliency against the negative effects of a changing climate. Countries will revise their NDCs every five years to become more ambitious to limit Earth's temperature rise and adapt to its impacts.
Through the NDC Partnership, members leverage their resources and expertise to provide countries with the tools they need to implement their NDCs and combat climate change to build a better future.
Rwanda joined the NDC Partnership on 8 June 2018, appointing focal points in the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning. Since joining, Rwanda has engaged with the NDC Partnership to elaborate the country’s needs for NDC implementation into clear actions and outputs.
What is Rwanda’s NDC Partnership Plan?
In 2015, Rwanda ratified the Paris Agreement on Climate Change and developed an ambitious climate action plan know as a Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to implement its obligations under the Agreement.
The plan covers a broad range of sectors including agriculture, forestry, water resources, land-use, disaster management; renewable energy, off-grid electrification, transport, industry, and waste. Rwanda joined the NDC Partnership and an NDC Partnership Plan was elaborated aiming to develop enabling environments for NDC implementation and identify new funding.
The NDC Partnership Plan was developed in collaboration with a range of stakeholders and validated in November 2018. This plan covers the period of 2019-2021.
The 29 activities, 30 outputs and 46 indicators of the Rwanda NDC Partnership Plan are designed to achieve four overarching outcomes which are:
- Institutional and regulatory framework for sector coordination strengthened
- Data collection/management and Measuring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) systems and processes strengthened
- Institutional and technical capacity strengthened to develop and implement cross sector NDC priority actions
- Financing for national flagship projects for environment and climate change priorities (NDC Implementation) accelerated
The Rwanda’s NDC Partnership Plan involves different sectors: Environment, Transport, Energy, Urbanization and Human Settlement), Land-use, disaster management and cross cutting areas
Flagship projects identified in National Strategy for Transformation (NST1) and Sector Strategic Plans include the promotion of efficient and alternative cooking technologies to reduce biomass consumption, the Green City Pilot, landscape restoration of Mount Jali, use of methane gas from Lake Kivu for cooking energy and transport, scale up of mini-grid and bus rapid transport in Kigali as well as projects in the Strategic Programme for Climate Resilience for Rwanda (SPCR) and the Forest Investment Plan (FIP).
Who is involved in implementing Rwanda’s NDC Partnership Plan?
Rwanda’s NDC Partnership Plan is being implemented by the Ministry of Environment, its agencies and NDC sectors. The process is being supported by a range of government institutions and partners, including:
- Development Partners
- International Public Finance Institutions
- Private Sector
- Civil society
- Academic Institutions
- Update Rwanda 's Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)
- Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)
- Rwanda’s NDC Partnership Plan
- Video: Rwanda’s Green Growth Journey
- Speeches & Presentations:
- Remarks by Minister Biruta at the launch of Rwanda’s NDC Partnership Plan https://www.greengrowth.rw/2018/12/05/remarks-by-minister-vincent-biruta-at-rwanda-ndc-partnership-plan-launch/
- Presentation on Rwanda NDC Partnership Plan by Pablo Vieira, Global Director of the NDC Partnership Support Unit https://www.greengrowth.rw/2018/12/05/presentation-on-rwanda-ndc-partnership-plan-by-pablo-vieira-global-director-of-the-ndc-partnership-support-unit/
- Remarks by Pablo Vieira at the Launch of Rwanda’s NDC Partnership Plan https://www.greengrowth.rw/2018/11/26/remarks-by-pablo-vieira-at-the-launch-of-ndc-partnership-plan/
- Forest Investment Plan
- Strategic Programme for Climate Resilience
- Photos: Launch of Rwanda’s NDC Partnership Plan https://www.flickr.com/photos/98168367@N06/albums/72157673929954117
Partners and Supporting Institutions
- Rwanda Green Fund (FONERWA) - www.fonerwa.org
- Rwanda Environment Management Authority - www.rema.gov.rw
- NDC Partnership - www.ndcpartnership.org
- United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change - https://unfccc.int/